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I have put some information together in this article for anyone that is interested in learning more about Bijar rugs. Discussed here are how they are woven, by whom and what the differences are between a Bijar rug (also sometimes spelled Bidjar) and any other Oriental rug. Hopefully you will find this article helpful in seeking to understand this subject.
A Bijar rug is a hand woven Oriental rug, woven by Kurdish weavers in Bijar, Iran or woven in the surrounding villages using time honored weaving techniques that are particular to this area and tradition. Bijar rugs are renowned for their durability, brilliant use of color and abundance of designs. Please view my article, How Oriental Rugs are Named.
Yes. Any rug woven in Iran is a Persian rug. If a rug was woven in Turkey, India, Romania, Pakistan, China or any other weaving center, with a Bijar design, it is not a genuine Persian Bijar or simply a Bijar rug. A genuine Persian Bijar rug is only woven in the city of Bijar or the surrounding villages. It would be considered a Bijar design rug when woven elsewhere. You might also find this type of design in a machine woven rug which is not an Oriental rug by any definition. Please learn more by viewing my definitions page: Oriental rug, Persian rug.
What sets Bijar rugs apart is their unique construction, the superior quality wool used, the variety and originality of designs and most importantly their amazing use of color! This often results in a rug with deeply saturated jewel tones as well as creative and captivating designs. The very best pieces are woven art at it's finest. Here is a small Bijar rug that I sold a number of years ago that I believe demonstrates my point.
Since time immemorial, Bijar weavers have used a weaving technique that I am not aware of being used anywhere else in Iran or any other of the rug weaving countries.
Bijar rugs are woven with a Turkish knot (sometimes called a Gordies knot) with one or two wefts inserted between each row of knots. After they have tied a row of knots, the weaver then inserts a weft. (Wefts are the threads of yarn that are inserted crosswise to secure the knots in place.)
The difference between the construction of Bijar rugs and other Oriental rugs is that before a weft is inserted it is dampened with water. The dampened weft now has a pliability that it would not normally have. After the weft has been inserted horizontally, a comb is used to beat it down vigorously next to the tied knots. This creates a dense, tightly woven fabric as when the weft dries, it shrinks somewhat resulting in a very firmly constructed foundation. Foundation in rug nomenclature is refering to the warps and wefts. In the small villages outside the town of Bijar, where the very best Bijar rugs are currently being made, many of the weavers are using cotton wefts but there are a few that do use wool.
This is how all antique Bijars were woven and in current production, the very best quality Bijars. They are woven with hand spun Persian wool, dyed with vegetable dyes and the design inspirations are taken from antique rugs. Proudly, the Bijar rugs I have at my gallery are from this exclusive production and were woven in this manner, with the exact same construction as antique Bijar rugs.
Bijar rugs are often called the "Iron Rugs of Iran" for the simple reason they are tightly woven and yet have tremendous body, thickness and are extremely hard-wearing. A Bijar rug will often be heavier than another tribal rug of the same size and the very best ones have clear, detailed designs in beautiful colors.
The number of designs woven in Bijar rugs is almost unlimited as the Kurdish weavers have used so many varied designs historically that there are too many to name. Possibly influenced by weaving areas on every border some unusual designs have seeped into the Bijar weaver’s design vocabulary but there are some classics such as the Garrus design, which is probably the most famous.
Here is another example of a Garrus Persian Bijar from my personal collection.
This piece was woven recently, as in the last decade. My two German Shepherds have been running freely across it for the last number of years and it looks exactly like it did when I put it down on the floor. The rug is basically indestructible and I enjoy seeing it in my home every single day. Yes, I am in love with hand woven rugs!
Other well know Bijar designs are the Tree of Life, the Cypress and Willow, the Shah Abbas design and the Medallion design (sometimes referred to as a Pendant Medallion).
Here is a lovely Bijar I had for sale a few years back in the Pendant Medallion Design. Notice the calm open field of brick red, the golden yellow just inside the border, the clear forest green in the pendants and the lively use of color.
Here is a small Bijar runner that incorporates the Tree of Life and the Cypress and Willow design. This piece is also from my personal collection.
Here is another example of the Tree of Life design. This was a very large rug, 10 x 14 and quite beautiful in person. This piece was sold but I have a smaller (6 x 8) similar piece available at this time.
Here is an example of the Shah Abbas Design. This piece has been sold.
Here are a few Persian Bijars with different renditions of the Garrus design, all of which are at my gallery and available for sale.
Look carefully and you will see a connection and essence that is the Garrus design in the rugs below. This piece is very close to a 5 x 8.
Here is another Bijar rug in the Garrus design. The size on this piece is 4'11" x 6'4". This lovely rug is available at my gallery.
And another Bijar rug. This is a smaller mat size Bijar rug.
And another Bijar rug. This rug is 7'4" x 10'1"
Geographically, the correct spelling of Bijar is without the “d” if you consult a map of Iran or go to Wikipedia but the alternative spelling is often used by rug dealers. Either spelling is correct in current usage but I have a theory!
If you speak to someone from Iran that grew up speaking Farsi and learned English as a secondary language, when you hear them pronounce the name Bijar, there is a phonetic sound that does not really occur in English.
The sound is somewhere between the sound of "ch" or "D." Even those with the slightest accent pronounce the name differently than most native English speakers.
With that in mind, I believe the spelling changed over time, based on the pronunciation of the word by Persian rug merchants. On my site I have used both spellings so as not to miss anyone that is searching for a Bijar rug but in this article I am staying with the map and Wikipedia on the spelling.
Bijar rugs are woven in most all sizes from 2 x 4 up to 12 x 16 but more often than not, smaller sizes under 6 x 9 are the most readily available.
Here at Paradise Oriental Rugs you can be sure to get your handmade Bijar rug shipped to you in excellent condition. We carefully wrap the rug and ship all our rugs via Fed Ex, fully insured with the tracking number provided.
Often before shipping, I will have created a video of the rug for a potential client to clearly show the piece from all angles providing detailed descriptions. Here is one of my Oriental rug videos to give you an idea.
We do ship rugs on “an approval” basis so if you have any questions, please give us a call (707-823-3355). We ship to all cities within the US.
Here are some of the most beautiful Bijar Rugs we currently have available for sale at my Oriental Rug Gallery, Paradise Oriental Rugs, Inc. My Oriental rug store is located in the Bay Area, just over an hour north of San Francisco in the town of Sebastopol, CA.
Paradise Oriental Rugs, Inc is located at 137 N Main St, Sebastopol, CA 95472. Many clients have traveled from all points in the Bay Area, including San Francisco, Berkeley, Oakland, Palo Alto in Silicon Valley and many other locations in the Bay Area to come purchase rugs at my gallery. So, here we go.
This Persian Bijar is in the Garrus Design. The size is 8'2' x 11'4". This is a new rug in an antique design skillfully woven in gorgeous colors! Please call for prices.
This lovely Bijar is 8'6" x 10'4" in the Shah Abbas design.
This is the largest Bijar I have available, the size being 11'2" x 15'4" Garrus Design.
This beautiful Bijar is 8'2" x 10'8". This is the Shah Abbas design perfectly executed!
If you enjoyed this Bijar rug article and would like to see a few more articles I have written on the subject of Oriental rugs, here is a link to my Oriental rug articles page on my website.
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Do give us a call (707-823-3355) or visit our store if you have some interest in purchasing a beautiful Tribal rug. We love showing Oriental rugs and are friendly and highly service oriented.
Hope to hear from you and thank you for reading my article on Bijar Rugs.
Paradise Oriental Rugs, Inc.
137 N Main St.
Call our Oriental Rug Gallery: (707)-823-3355
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